Mario Franca is Professor of Hydraulic Engineering for River Basin Development at IHE Delft and at the Department of Hydraulic Engineering of the Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. Before joining IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, Mario held academic positions as Research and Teaching Associate at the EPFL, as Assistant Professor at the New University of Lisbon and at the University of Coimbra (Portugal), and as Senior Member of the Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (Portugal). He served in many instances as consultant in hydraulic engineering and he was head of the hydraulics department in an engineering company, having participated and directed applied projects on dams, hydropower, water supply, river engineering, drainage, mining sites, emergency planning and safety of hydraulic infrastructures. He has served and serves in several faculty commissions, in Lisbon and Lausanne, and was involved in a MOOC on Fluvial Hydraulics.
Mário's research focus on river hydraulics; turbulent processes in open channel flows; fluvial geomorphology and morphodynamics; density currents; and non-conventional hydropower production in supply networks. Recently he is interested also on socio-hydrology and on the global impact of hydraulic natural and built structures. He is author of several scientific publications and regularly gives invited research seminars in these fields of research.
2020: Magaju D., Cattapan A., & Franca M.J. Identification of run-of-river hydropower investments in data scarce regions using global data. Energy for Sustainable Development, accepted for publication
2020: Plumb B.D., Juez C., Annable W.K., McKie C.W. & Franca M.J. The impact of hydrograph variability and frequency on sediment transport dynamics in a gravel-bed flume. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, doi: 10.1002/esp.4770
2020: Ouro P., Juez C., & Franca M.J. Drivers for mass and momentum exchange between the main channel and river bank lateral cavities. Advances in Water Resources, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2020.103511
2019: Venuleo A., Pokrajac D., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Continuously-fed gravity currents propagating over a finite porous substrate. Physics of Fluids, accepted for publication
2019: Juez C., Scharer C., Jenny H., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Floodplain land cover and flow hydrodynamic control of overbank sedimentation in compound-channel flows. Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1029/2019WR024989
2019: Navas-Montilla A., Juez C., Franca M.J. & Murillo J. Depth-averaged unsteady RANS simulation of resonant shallow flows in lateral cavities using augmented WENO-ADER schemes. Journal of Computational Physics, doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2019.06.037
2019: Jafarnejad S., Franca M.J., Pfister M. & Schleiss A.J. Design of riverbank riprap using large, individually placed blocks. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001641
2019: Zordan J., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Potential erosion capacity of gravity currents created by changing initial conditions. Earth Surface Dynamics, https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-7-377-2019
2019: Stahly S., Franca M.J., Robinson C.T. & Schleiss A.J. Sediment replenishment combined with an artificial flood improves river habitats downstream of a dam. Scientific Reports 9, 5176
2019: Stahly S., Gostner W., Franca M.J., Robinson C.T. & Schleiss A.J. Sampling sufficiency for determining hydraulic habitat diversity. Journal of Ecohydraulics, doi: 10.1080/24705357.2019.1576021
2019: Schwindt S., Franca M.J. & Schleiss A.J. Bottom slope influence on flow and bedload transfer through contractions, Journal of Hydraulic Research, DOI: 10.1080/00221686.2018.1454519
2018: Juez C., Hassan M. & Franca M.J. The origin of fine sediment determines the observations of suspended sediment fluxes under unsteady flow conditions. Water Resources Research, 54, 5654–5669. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR022982
2018: Dzubakova K., Peter H., Bertuzzo E., Juez C., Franca M.J., Rinaldo A., Battin T.J. Environmental heterogeneity promotes spatial resilience of phototrophic biofilms in streambeds. Biology Letters, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0432
2018: Jafarnejad M., Franca M.J., Pfister M. & Schleiss A.J. Effect of a Second Layer on the Time to Failure of Compressed Riprap as Riverbank Protection. Journal of Hydraulic Research, DOI: 10.1080/00221686.2018.1494048
2018: Matos J.P., Hassan M., Liu X.X. & Franca M.J. Probabilistic prediction and forecast of daily suspended sediment concentration on the Upper Yangtze River. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 122, doi: 10.1029/2017JF004240
2018: Zordan J., Juez C., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Image processing and laser measurements for the determination of erosion and deposition of fine sediments by gravity current. Measurement Science and Technology, 29(6), 065905
2018: Juez, C., Thalmann, M., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Morphological resilience to flow fluctuations of fine sediment deposits in bank lateral cavities. Advances in Water Resources 115 (2018): 44-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.03.004
2018: Zordan J., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Structure of a dense release produced by varying initial conditions. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, doi: 10.1007/s10652-018-9586-8
2018: Zordan J., Juez, C., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Entrainment, transport and deposition of sediment by saline gravity currents. Advances in Water Resources, 115, pp.17-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.02.017
2018: Schwindt S., Franca M.J., Reffo A. & Schleiss A.J. Sediment traps with guiding channel and hybrid check dams improve controlled sediment retention, Natural Hazards and Earth Systems Sciences, 18(2), 647. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-647-2018
2018: Adduce C. & Franca M.J. Preface to the Special Issue on Environmental Buoyancy-driven Flows, Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 18: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10652-017-9539-7
2018: Juez C., Buhlmann I., Maechler G., Schleiss A.J. & Franca M.J. Transport of suspended sediments under the influence of bank macro-roughness, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, doi: 10.1002/esp.4243.
Mario is an active memeber of IAHR, EGU and AGU. He was part of the local organizing committees of the River Flow conferences in 2006 and 2014 and now of River Flow 2020, in Lisbon, Lausanne and Delft respectively. He is part of the leading teams of the IAHR sections on Fluvial Hydraulics and Experimental Methods and Instrumentation, he is convener of sessions at EGU General Assembly and he is associate editor of Water Resources Research (AGU).