The third Learning and Action Alliance (LAA) workshop on a long-term strategic plan for green growth in Kendari Bay, Indonesia has been completed successfully. The Alliance represents public authorities, universities, banks, NGO’s and private companies who expressed the need to start a pilot project. The pilot will use the principles of the Dutch Building with Nature concept and shall convert the area into a green belt of mangrove forest on artificial reefs along the bay.
Green City Action Program
The LAA workshop organized by Urban Solutions and UNESCO-IHE on 12 and 13 February forms part of the Green City Action Program of the Asian Development Bank. The aim of the program is to develop an integrated long-term strategic plan for green growth in three Indonesian medium sized cities. Secondly, it aims to bridge the implementation gap to go from a city vision to bankable projects based on the so called MARE-Asia approach. Multi-stakeholder collaboration and the delivery of multiple values are central to this approach.
During the workshop special attention was paid to the pressing water issues resulting from the poor condition of Kendari Bay such as flooding, sedimentation and environmental degradation. Conclusions were that increased flood protection, controlled deposition of sediments and environmental quality could be achieved by restoring the bay’s natural conditions and developing a new mangrove forest on a artificial sediment reef along the bay.
The LAA emphasized the need to start with a pilot as it will serve as a learning environment and showcase. The pilot will use the principles of the Dutch Building with Nature concept and encompasses an area of 5 ha to be converted into a green belt of mangrove forest on artificial reefs along the bay.
The two universities of Kendari, the Halu Oleo University and Muhammadiyah University, have expressed to support the Green City program in Kendari through the establishment of a joint inter-disciplinairy Green Cities research and capacity building programme. UNESCO-IHE has been invited to support this program and take part in its execution.
Framework for green growth
There is a need to support medium and small size cities in Indonesia to develop and implement a framework for green growth. Accelerated learning is required as these cities lack the capacity to effectively deal with this task and to leapfrog into sustainability by learning from successes and failures of other cities.
As of 2014, under the leadership of Assela Pathirana, Associate Professor of ntegrated Urban Water Cycle Management, UNESCO-IHE is supporting the Green Cities Action Program of the Asian Development Bank in the cities of Kendari, Batam and Malang. These cities are among the fastest growing entities in Indonesia and have shown commitment to green growth. Hence, these cities provide an opportunity to play a frontrunners role in green city development for other Indonesian cities.