Delft, 11 Jul 2017

Improving flood resilience of Alexandria, Egypt

On October 25 and November 4 of 2015, Alexandria City and the neighboring region of Egypt experienced an unexpected severe rainfall event causing severe flooding. This devastating flood has been described as "the worst flooding of Alexandria City over the past decades in terms of the number of people affected and the amount of economic damage". It is anticipated that these exceptional rainfall events will happen more often in this region in the future.

The Anticipatory Flood Management (AFMA) project, a new approach to prepare Alexandria for the effects of extreme rainfall, has been awarded for a grant from the Sustainable Water Fund (Fonds Duurzaam Water) of the Netherlands. The project will develop and implement innovative infrastructure solutions to enhance the flood resilience of the city.

AFMA wil linclude a range of solutions, ranging from (soft) flood emergency measures including flood forecasting and warning, evacuation and recovery plans, to hard measures and land use planning controls such as flood mitigation works, including capacity increase of drainage systems, and zoning requirements. Flood protection such as minimum flood levels and flood-proofing building controls are also part of the project. Over 500 water ambassadors will be trained in the scope of the project, and a Flood Management Unit will be established to ensure long term flood resilience.

The project will serve as an example for many other cities in the Arab region to make the switch from responding to anticipating to a disastrous flood. The ultimate aim is to save lives and prevent the displacement of thousands of vulnerable people and millions of dollars of damage.

AFMA is a public-private partnership that aims to connects engineers, planners, architects, designers and other experts to community members, companies and local government to propose new solutions that will strengthen the city’s resilience to severe rain storms.

Read more about the process of anticipatory water management on

Total project volume: 3,3 mln euro

Project duration: 7 years

Start of the project: 1-7-2017

Partners: IHE Delft (lead), Holding company for water and wastewater (National Coordinator), Alexandria University, Montaser (General Contracting Company), Group of Integrated Design, Alexandria Business Association

Associated partners: HKV, Delfland (Waterboard), City of Rotterdam


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