An international team of researchers, led by IHE Delft, has developed adaptive risk management strategies for coastal communities. Floods are regarded as one of the most dangerous and harmful of all natural disasters. The researchers have collected data from several sites around the world to measure how vulnerable an area is, when hit by a tsunami or hurricane. With this information, governments can be better prepared for extreme hydro-meteorological events.
Rapid urbanisation in coastal areas, combined with climate change and poor governance, poses a great risk of devastation in coastal communities. Extreme weather events and tsunamis are posing serious threats to people living on islands and near coasts. In September 2017, Hurricane “Irma” destroyed a large portion of Sint Maarten and other islands in the Caribbean Sea, leaving thousands homeless. Irma was one of the strongest category 5 hurricanes ever recorded in modern history, causing loss of life and enormous material damage.
The hurricane season is well underway, but is expected to still reach its peak. The chance of the same area being hit again, is significant. The international team of researchers wants to prevent the recurrence of such a catastrophe and have established how vulnerable an area is when hit by a tsunami or hurricane. They have developed tools and models that can be used for simulation of hurricanes, inland flooding and emergency evacuation. This knowledge creates new insights for government and policy makers to make better decisions and minimize risks to people’s health and safety.
About the project
The four-year research project named PEARL developed adaptive risk management strategies for coastal communities focusing on extreme hydro-meteorological events. The team used a multidisciplinary approach by integrating social, environmental and technical research and innovation. The project is financed by the European Commission and executed by 24 research institutes from 13 countries.