Libya is a country that suffers from water scarcity. The situation has become more problematic due to continued population growth, low rainfall and higher water demand for agriculture and industrial use. The freshwater in Libya originates from four aquifers: the Kufra, Sirt, Morzuk, Hamada, and the Nubian.
The local authorities have made enormous efforts to address its water deficit problems, mainly through the implementation of “The Man-made River Project”. Despite these efforts, the problem of water deficits continues, due to ever increasing water demands. In addition, maintaining the water quality standard is still an issue in the country. The current policy of becoming self-sufficient in food, resulted in over-exploitation of fossil groundwater resources for irrigation and yet more depletion of water resources, since most of the country's groundwater resources are non-renewable. This led to the implementation of appropriate actions towards i) reconsideration of agricultural water extractions, ii) treating water that was previously thought to be unusable, such as desalination of seawater, brackish waters, and wastewater, and iii) better water management practices.
Twelve participants from the Man Made River Authority, Libya took part in a two week course entitled ‘from water scarcity to water security in Libya’. As part of the course, which took place from 6 – 19 June 2018 at IHE Delft, the Netherlands, participants were trained in the following topics:
- Water management
- Water resources planning
- Water loss management
- Water governance and water service management
- Land and water development
- Data management
- Food and water security
- Institutional capacity development
This tailor made training (TMT) course was funded by Nuffic, under its MENA scholarship programme (MSP). MSP aims to contribute to democratic transition in the selected countries. It also aims to build capacity within organisations, by enabling employees to take part in short courses in the Netherlands.
The lecturers from IHE Delft were; Prof. Pieter van der Zaag, Dr. IIyas Masih, Dr. Saroj Sharma, Prof. Maria D. Kennedy, Dr, Nirajan Dhakal, Dr. Sergio Salinas, Dr. Alissa Zuijdgeest, Dr, Klaas Schwartz, Dr. Poolad Karimi, Dr. Hans van der Kwast, Prof. Charlotte de la Fraiture, Dr Uta Wehn, Martijn de Klerk and Jan van Til also contributed to this training.
The MSP/TMT course was organized and coordinated by Prof. Maria D. Kennedy and Dr. Nirajan Dhakal from EEWT Department.