Polpat Nilubon

PhD fellow


Mr. Polpat Nilubon graduated on 28 April 2021. Find the link to his thesis here.

Polpat Nil-u-bon from Thailand has a university degree in Architecture (2008 – B.Arch.) from Rajamangala University of Technology (RMUTT), Thailand and two Master degrees in Architectural and Environmental Technology (2010) from Chulalongkorn University (CU), Thailand and in Architecture and Urban Design from Berlage Institute and TUDelft, the Netherlands (2013).

After graduation in 2008, he worked for three years at HASSELL in Thailand, before entering the Berlage Institute. In 2011 he got a scholarship for Master degree and Ph.D. study in Architecture and Urbanism at Berlage Institute and UNESCO-IHE by Rajamangala University of Technology (RMUTT), Thailand.

Currently, he is a full-time Ph.D. student research fellow of Flood Resilience Group (FRG – started 2014), Water Science & Engineering (WSE) at UNESCO-IHE: Institute for Water Education, the Netherlands. The title of his research is “Opportunistic Adaptation of Architecture and Urbanism in Urban Flood Prone Areas”. The research project is funded by Rajamangala University of Technology (RMUTT).


Opportunistic Adaptation of Architecture and Urbanism in Urban flood prone areas

Research Summary

Adaptation is being conceived more and more as a bottom-up socio-economic process, taking a more dynamic view of adaptation by combining climate change with socio-economic drivers, rather than as a set of stand-alone adjustments. This new concept of adaption has been referred to as ‘mainstream adaptation’ (i.e., an additional intervention/component which is integrated or embedded in (re)development projects. Within mainstream adaptation the term opportunistic adaptation is used. This term refers exclusively to regeneration which provides a window of opportunity to adapt/adjust the existing urban fabric). While the need for adaptation mainstreaming has been identified by many authors (e.g., UNDP 2001; Schipper et al. 2003; Rayner et al. 2005; Dow et al. 2007), operational methods that include urban dynamics at the neighborhood level are currently lacking the tools and perspectives to integrate future climate change. In particular, previous approaches are deficient in measures to effectively solve architectural or urbanism related issues. This dissertation will provide an insight into the potentials of mainstream adaptation, with renewal cycles for the components of the urban fabric (i.e., building construction and infrastructure), by assessing the adaptation rate and the potential for adaptive measures across different spatial scale levels (building, block and neighborhood levels). Instead of the traditional top-down and standalone adaptation interventions, synchronizing mainstream adaptation at the neighborhood level will provide opportunities to consider urban services in an integrated way and to identify multiple benefits which will lead to an improvement in overall urban performance. Opportunistic adaptation projection requires strategic planning and long-term thinking where the purpose of a future projection (of lifecycle and urban renewal) is to analyze the potentials for opportunistic adaptation and to assess alternative adaptation interventions for buildings and infrastructure situated in urban flood prone areas. These interventions are important factors as they have an impact on the form and space of urban infrastructure as well as on urban performance as a whole, e.g. adaptation measures, scale of measurement, protection standards and multiple benefits. Without such methods, adaptation mainstreaming is doomed to fail because of the previously mentioned problems with the traditional approaches.


Peer reviewed

  • Nilubon, P., Veerbeek, W., and Zevenbergen, C., 2017. Clustering Adaptation Opportunities – Case Study Bangkok.
  • Nilubon, P., Veerbeek, W., and Zevenbergen, C., 2017. Evaluating the options that define the flexibility in adaptation: Case study in Lad Krabang District, Bangkok.



  • Nilubon, P., W. Veerbeek, et al. (2015). "Amphibious Architecture and Design: A Catalyst of Opportunistic Adaptation?–Case Study Bangkok." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 216: 470-480.

Other information

MSc. Thesis (Thai)

Nilubon P. (2009). The Development of building materials from agricultural residues. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

MSc. Thesis (Netherlands)

Nilubon P. (2013). Siamese Metropolises: A cartography of relations between Shenzhen and Hong Kong – Fish City. Relational Urbanism Studio: Berlage institute.


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