Systems engineering is the most general framework for building water-related systems, and in this respect it is seen as central to the whole area of hydroinformatics. Model-based optimisation is a major element in a systems approach to water resources and water systems management, and to decision making in general. New optimisation methods are used for model optimisation, model calibration, optimal combination of modular models, optimal split of data sets, etc.
One of the most important areas here is developing frameworks based on a multi-criteria optimisation, in particular, in the context of flood management and various types of water-carrying networks, and developing new approaches in real time control. Integration of various types of models and data with stakeholders' behaviour is an important topic as well.
The research is developed through application to specific areas, inter alia:
- Real time control and anticipatory water management
- Flood and drought forecasting
- Optimization of water distribution systems
- Integration of hydrometeorological and hydrological models and innovative data sources (including remote sensing)
- Integration of hydrological, morphological and ecological models across scales
- Coupled modelling of water and nutrient and sediment flows
- New business models and architectures for modelling systems