Miroslav Marence MSc

Associate Professor of Storage and Hydropower


Dr. Marence graduated in Civil Engineering at the University of Zagreb, Croatia in 1987, completing his MSc thesis in structural modeling of frames on elastic foundations. Following this, he undertook his Ph.D. in Tunneling and Underground Works at the University of Innsbruck, Austria in 1993. His thesis was entitled ”Numerical modeling of rock bolts considering rock joint movement”.

Since 1994 he has worked as a consultant engineer at AFRY Austria GmbH (former Poyry and Verbundplan) in Salzburg, Austria. During this period he has worked on the design of many international hydropower projects in Austria, Turkey, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iran, Buthan, Lao, Thailand, Bulgaria, Finland, Sweden, India, etc. Since 2009 he has been the head of the tunneling department and working as a hydropower and dam expert.

In September 2009 he joined IHE Delft as an Associate Professor in Hydraulic Engineering and River Basin Development. He is responsible for Storage and Hydropower within the core of Hydraulic Engineering and River Basin Development. Dr. Marence's main research and training interests lie in dam and reservoir development and the design of hydropower schemes and structures and he is the author of more than 60 research publications published in peer-reviewed journals and books.

Research Summary

Dr. Marence research interests are in dam and hydropower topics in general. In dam design and construction, the research is concentrated on the topics connected with the design of earth fill, concrete and arch dams. The topics go from analytical and numerical modeling of different types and parts of the dams, water and GHG footprint of dams and reservoirs and the influence of climate change on dams and reservoirs. Sustainable design, operation and maintenance of the dams, reservoirs and hydropower plants are an important part of environmental and social friendly water storage and renewable energy production. In the hydropower area research is on safe and economical power waterway designs such as numerical modeling of unlined and shotcrete lined tunnels and shafts, the estimation of the hydropower potential of ungauged rivers or rivers with fewer data available and solutions for low head hydropower generation. The special topic is the development of the solutions for hydropower installed in hydraulic systems that are operated without any energy generation. Such systems represent "hidden treasure" and could be used for the additional energy generation, without or with minimal additional environmental and social impact using comparable less financial resources using existing infrastructure. Also, hydropower potential of low lands such as the Netherlands have been considered and solutions for low head hydropower in existing weirs and shiplocks in the province of Gelderland have been investigated together with possible solutions.  


Key Publications:

N. Ulibarri, M. McClain, M. Marence: Hydropower: Case Studies in Sustainability. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier, 2021. ISBN 9780124095489  https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819166-8.00107-9

Anish Pradhan, Miroslav Marence, Mario Franca: The adoption of Seawater Pump Storage Hydropower Systems increases the share of renewable energy production in Small Island Developing States. Renewable Energy, vol 177, p 448-460, 2021. Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2021.05.151

J.P. Hoffstaedt, D.P.K. Truijen, J. Fahlbeck, L.H.A. Gans, M. Qudaih, A.J. Laguna, J.D.M. De Kooning, K. Stockman, H. Nilsson, P.-T. Storli, B. Engel, M. Marence, J.D. Bricker: Low-head pumped hydro storage: A review of applicable technologies for design, grid integration, control and modelling. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, Vol 158, 112119 2021. Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112119

S.A. Legesse, M. Marence, M. J. Franca: Unlocking the hidden potential in the province of Gelderland, the Netherlands. 8th International Junior Researcher and Engineer Workshop on Hydraulic Structures, Galway, Ireland, June 2021.

M. Marence, S. L. Tesgera, M.J. Franca: Towards the circularization of the energy cycle by implementation of hydroelectricity production in existing hydraulic systems. JRC Technical Report: Validation workshop on framing the context for operationalising the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus, Brussels, 2018. pp 125-138

M. Getachew, M. Marence, H.C.C. Hurtado, M. Franca: Optimization of Run-of-River hydropower Plant Capacity. Journal of International Water Power & Dam Construction, October 2018 (in press)

M. Marence, P. Evangeliou, 2018: Reliability assessment of gravity dam block by coupled a Directional Adaptive Response Surface full probabilistic method and 3D coupled flow –stress finite element analysis. Proceedings of 14th ICOLD International Benchmark Workshop on Numerical Analysis of Dams, TRITA-ABE-1802001, Stockholm, Sweden.

M. Marence, A. Mihaylova, A. Hristova, J.C. Chacon-Hurtado, 2017: Arch dam deformation prediction using computational intelligence techniques. 85th Annual Meeting of International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD). Prague, Czech Republics, ISBN: 978-80-906662-2-1

T.D.Y.F. Simanjuntak, M. Marence, A.J. Schleiss, A.E. Mynett: Mechanical-hydraulic interaction in cracking process of pressure tunnel linings. Hydropower & Dams. Vol.20(5):112-119. ISSN 1352-2523. 2013

T. Demeke, M. Marence, A.E. Mynet: Evaporation from reservoirs and hydropower water footprint. Hydro Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013.

M.Marence: Numerical simulation and excavation of caverns for PSP Limberg II. In "50 Years of NATM – Experience Report” ITA-Austria, ISBN 978-3-200-02801-2, pp 213-216. 2012.

M. Marence, 2009: Geotechnical input essential for power waterway design, EUROCK 2009, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 291-296.

M. Marence, 2007, Numerical modelling and design of pressure tunnels, Hydro 2008, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

M. Marence, D. Milicevic, S. Vucina, 2003, Hydro Power Plant Mostarsko blato—A multi-purpose project in karst. HYDRO 2003, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

M. Marence, 1998, Reliability assessment of tunnel design, Geotechnical Hazards, Balkema, Rotterdam, 559-564.

M. Marence, G. Swoboda, 1995, Numerical model of rock bolts under consideration of rock joint movements. Rock Mechanic and Rock Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 3, 145-165.

G. Swoboda, M. Marence, I. Mader, 1994, Finite element modelling of tunnel excavation. Engineering Modelling, Vol. 6, No. 1, Split, Croatia, 51-63.

Other information

Link to CV 

Link to Twitter

Link to iTunes - Turbine Selection App

HYPOSO - Hydropower solutions for developing and emerging countries (EU Horizon 2020 project, No 857851) - Work package leader on capacity building

ALPHEUS - Augmenting Grid Stability Through Low Head Pumped Hydro Energy Utilization and Storage, No. 883553) - Member of consortium

Hydropower and climate change



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